Kerala History and People

The state of Kerala has been known widely to have such a diverse population, which is primarily consisted of those of the Malayali Dravidian ethnicity, along with the latter as Indo-Aryan, Jewish, and Arabic nature due to mixed races, by culture and ancestry. The official language of Kerala is Malayalam (Dravidian language). English is also commonly used. A minor language which exists is Tamil, spoken by a minority of Keralites. Roughly 4 % of Indians live in Kerala. Kerala’s population growth is the lowest out of all the states in India. Most of the Keralites live on the coastal areas, near the Arabian Sea, while population density is sparse in the eastern and mountainous areas, where water is scarce. The language Malayalam, consists of 56 letters, which aids a Malayali to pronounce any language in the world, due to its difficulty. People in Kerala refer to their land as Keralam. Also, Kerala is known more commonly as “God’s own country.”

     There are many myths and speculations about the creation of Kerala and its early periods. According to Hindu mythology, Kerala was created by Parasuram, one of the avathars (incarnation) of MahaVishnu. Geologists believe that Kerala was formed by some seismic activity, gradually or suddenly. Kerala the southern most state of India took birth on 1st November 1956, long after Indian Independence on 15th August 1947. Beforehand it was three Independence provinces named Malabar, Cochin and Travancore. Kerala originally got its name after the first ruler, Keralian, who ruled one of these Independent provinces in the early Centuries. Earlier, Kerala was made up of three distinct areas. Malabar as far up the coast as Tellicherry, Cannanore and Kasargode with the tiny pocket-handkerchief French possession of Mahe nearby (it was returned to India in the early 1950 's and is now administratively part of Pondicherry). This area belonged to what was once called the Madras Presidency under the British. The middle section is formed by the princely State of Cochin; the third comprises Travancore, another princely State. The modern Kerala is divided into fourteen Districts with Trivandrum as the State Capital. Kerala is the first place in the world where a Communist Ministry came into power by General Election in 1957.

     The culture of Kerala is drawn as an amalgamation of Dravidian and Aryan influences. Kerala has its own calendar, in anticipation for early planning activies in their religious and agricultural capacities. The food of kerala is eaten on long green banana leaves, with food including idli (from rice), payasam, puttycuddla, puzhukku, rasam, sambar, ...etc. Keralalites commonly wear unstitched garments such as mundu (wore my men), while women wear the traditional sari. Kerala has the highest rate of literacy, as people commonly engage in reading as a daily routine.

     Kerala is one of the most advanced states in India in the fields of education, transportation, communication and health care delivery.Kerala is the first state in Indian with 100% literacy. Industrial development has lagged behind some other centers in India due to labour unrest, lack of power resources and government ineptitude.